Several studies have proved over time that that coffee is one of the most popular beverages in the world. The magical coffee bean originated in Ethiopia and was then brought to the Arab lands to be cultivated.
From there on, coffee embarked on a journey to India and Europe with the Muslim tradesmen and it wasn’t long before people from all across the world began to fall in deep love with its energizing effect.
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Thanks to the advances in science and research capabilities of humans, few amazing facts about coffee have been discovered.
It is said that coffee comprises of several constituents that can alter the chemical levels in our bodies, consequently impacting our mood and thinking abilities.
A very similar stimulating effect to that of coffee is also found in caffeine. But coffee, in particular, seems to have a unique chemical composition that catalyzes the cortisone and adrenaline production – both are stimulant hormones.
Since coffee acts as an effective stimulant of memory, it can enhance cognitive performance.
Apart from its stimulating properties, coffee also has some great health benefits. Research indicates that the intake of coffee reduces the risk of Alzheimer’s or Dementia.
It was also found that individuals with moderate consumption (2 – 4 Cups) of coffee had a decreased risk of developing Dementia or Alzheimer’s, compared to people who only have coffee occasionally.
Moderate consumption of coffee has also been linked to a longer lifespan for individuals as it reduces the risk of serious health problems such as cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, and liver cancer.
Due to these benefits and its stimulating taste, coffee is a highly popular beverage across the world that is found in several different forms.
Here are the 5 most popular types of coffee:
Every coffee enthusiast has tried Cappuccino at least once in their life. The origins of this type of coffee can be traced back to Italy. Cappuccino means hood in Italian and it is made using a balanced mix of espresso and milk.
Generally, a cappuccino contains 3 layers. The first layer comprises of espresso; the second consists of steamed milk, while the final layer is fermented milk.
The foamy layer at the top is meant to insulate the drink and maintain its temperature. Cappuccino is so special that the 8th of November is celebrated as World Cappuccino Day.
Another famous Italian brand of coffee is Espresso which was made in 1900 in Milan city. This type is darker, bitter and thicker compared to Cappuccino. Espresso in Italian means “pressed-out”, as the coffee is prepared by pressing hot water at high pressure against freshly grounded coffee beans.
As the name suggests, Turkish coffee originates from the Anatolian plateau and is sometimes referred to as Bosnian coffee. This type of coffee is popular around the world for its unique taste and style.
Anyone who has been to Turkey would have seen aromatic Turkish coffee is brewed in a small copper pot or cezve around the streets. It is one of the purest forms of coffee as it simply made by adding two teaspoons of coffee and some cardamom powder in one cup of water.
It is worth mentioning here that the traditional Turkish preparation method involves adding sugar while the coffee is being prepared, not after it is ready.
Turkish coffee is brewed in a unique way and is a popular beverage that you will find being served in the vibrant markets of the country as well as at Turkish weddings.
Frappe is a type of coffee that originated from Greece in the era of the Napoleonic Wars. In 1957, a Geek version of frappe was invented accidentally by Dimitris Vakondios. Dimitris was an employee of the Nestlé Company who made Frappe by mixing coffee with cold water when he could not find any hot water nearby.
Since Dimitris shook the mixture vigorously to make his coffee, this new type of coffee was given the name Frappe, which means ‘shaken’ or ‘stirred’.
Frappe is a tasty mix of coffee powder, sugar, and ice, all stirred in water. Traditionally, the measure of sugar in Frappe is measured in degrees knows as glykós, métrios, or skétos in the Greek language. This means that the higher the degree, the higher the amount of sugar.
Mazagran coffee or iced coffee is known to have originated from Algeria. It is said to be the original iced coffee and is mostly enjoyed in Portugal. Mazagran is a great type of coffee for anyone who prefers cold coffee over hot.
Mazagran coffee was invented during the 1840s. A unique feature of this coffee is that it can be served with a shot of rum poured in it. It is prepared by pouring black coffee over ice and adding sugar and lemon juice to it.
Mazagran is known to be rich in antioxidants. It can lower the risk of cardiovascular illness and protect you from memory loss.
As the name suggests, this type of coffee originated in Ireland. First made in the year 1942 at Shannon Airport in Ireland, Irish coffee is a unique brand of coffee which is a mixture of whiskey, cocktail and well roasted grounded coffee beans, topped with heavy cream and sugar.
Irish coffee is made to provide an extra boost and this was the main purpose of its invention — to engage and calm down the waiting passengers at the airport. 25th January is celebrated as National Irish Coffee Day in Ireland, with festive coffee events taking place throughout the country.
There are so many different varieties of coffee out there that coffee has a world of its own. Although every coffee lover is likely to have their own personal favorite, there are lots of new varieties waiting to be discovered by you. So, keep experimenting and enjoying your coffee – it definitely is the best way to start your day!